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STATE & DIVISION
SAGAING DIVISION
    Location: Sagaing Division is situated in the north-western part of Myanmar between latitude 21 30' north and longitude 94 97' east. 1t shares border with India in the north, Kachin State, Shan State and Mandalay Division in the east, Mandalay and Magway Divisions in the south and Chin State and India in the west and has 36,535 sq.miles.
     Temperatures fall to freezing point in winter on Pakkoi and Naga mountain ranges where coldness remains in summer. Winter temperatures fall as low as 40 Degrees Fahrenheit (4.4 Degrees Celsius) in northern lowlands. The southern region which lies in the dry zone has an extremely hot climate. In Monywa, temperatures rise as high as 110 Degrees Fahrenheit (43.3 Degrees Celsius) in summer and falls to 50 Degrees Fahrenheit (10 Degrees Celsius) in the cold season.
    The northern regions get annual rainfall ranging from 80 to 100 inches and the southern region gets 40 inches. Average annual rain fall in Monywa is 31 inches, Sagaing 34 inches and Shwebo 36 inches. Sometimes the region gets a small amount of rain in winter due to cyclones that enter it from the west.
    Population, inhabitants, languages and religion: The population of Sagaing Division is 538,000. Average density of the division is 139 persons per square mile. Population is dense in the lower regions of Chindwin and Mu rivers where there are many plains and sparse in mountainous north-west regions. Bamars are the majority of inhabitants in the dry regions, Katha Township and the regions along Mandalay-Myitkyina Railroad. Shans live in upper Chindwin valley, Kawlin, Wuntho and Pinlebu townships. Nagas reside in the north of north-west mountain ranges and Chins in the south. Kadu and Ganang national races can be found at upper Mu River valley and Meza River Valley.
    Formation of districts, townships and villages: Sagaing Division is formed with 198 wards and village-tracts, 38 townships and eight districts-- Sagaing Shwebo, Monywa, Katha, Kale, Tamu Mawlaik and Hkamti. Sagaing is the capital of the division.
     Sown acreage and agricultural produce: Major crops of the division are rice, wheat, corn, maize, edible oil crops such as sesame, groundnut and sunflower, cotton, sugarcane and beans and pulses. Over one million acres are being put under paddy in the Division annually. Eighty percent of the nation's wheat comes from Sagaing Division. Tobacco, tomato, toddy palm, and vegetables are also grown in the Division. Small amount of land is put under green tea at mountain regions in the north.
    Sagaing Division has a total cultivated area of over three million acres. Paddy is cultivated on 1.4 million acres and other crops on 1.5 million acres. Others are alluvial-land cultivation, gardenfarms and hillside cultivation. Water is supplied from canals, lakes, tube-wells and pumped-water stations. facts18
     Kabo Dam irrigates over three million acres in Shwebo plain. Mu River Valley Project is being implemented at present and when completed the project will help extend cultivated areas and multiple cropping in the Division. Livestock breeding is carried out jointly with agriculture.
     Other products: The Division produces teak and hardwood from its forests. Monywa and Katha are important timber depots. Thanakha, eaglewood, honey, catechu, rattan and bamboo are extracted from forests.
      Important minerals of the Division are gold mined at Kyaukpahto region, Kawlin Township, coal mined at Kalewa (Thitchauk) region and Monywa. A small amount of oil is found at Pantha and Inndaw regions at Chindwin River valley. Salt is produced in Wetlet and Sagaing township.
      Heavy industries in the Division are the Textile Mill at Ywathitgyi and the Diesel Engine Workshop at Ywahtaung. A copper refinery is located in Salingyi and a gold smelting plant at Kyaukpahto region in Kawlin. The Division has many rice mills, edible oil mills, saw mills, cotton mills, gram crushing mills and weaving factories. Large mechanized weaving mills can be found in Monywa. Earthen pots are produced in Kyaukmyaung and Sagaing, silverware is made in Ywahtaung, bronzewares and ironwares are produced in Monywekyemon and lacquerware in Kyaukka.
      Traditions and culture: The traditional rice donation ceremony was held on a grand-scale at Padamya Pagoda annually.
      Historical sites and places of interest: Ancient palace site of King Alaungmintaya is being constructed in Shwebo Township. Twindaung in Budalin Township is a rare and significant place in the world. Twindaung yields blue green algae from which Pluvimin is produced.
      TV re-transmission stations: TV retransmission stations, which cover 41 townships in Sagaing, Mandalay and Magway Divisions were installed in 16 townships -including Sagaing, Monywa, Hkamti, Tamu, Katha, Htigyaint, Inndaw, Kawlin, Wuntho, Mintha, Leshi, Homalin, Nangyun, Lahe and Kantbalu in Sagaing Division.
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