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STATE & DIVISION
MANDALAY  DIVISION
     Location: Linking Sagaing Division in the north, Shan State in the east, Bago Division and Kayin State in the south and Sagaing and Magway Divisions in the west, Mandalay Division is situated between latitudes 1920' north and 2345' north and longitudes 9445' east and 9700' east in the central Myanmar. The area is 14,295 sq.miles.

     Topography and climate: Mountains or high plateaus can be found in the eastern border of the division and Bago Yoma region in the south-west. The eastern plateau is the highest region in the Division, elevating up from 6,000 to 7,000 feet in some places. The 4,981-foot Mount Popa, an extinct volcano, is famous.

    Various Kinds of climates can be found in Mandalay Division. The eastern plateau has a warm wet temperate climate. Average temperatures of the region is between 70F (21C) and 75F (24C) in April. The average temperature in the coldest months is 60F (15.6C). The lowest temperature sometimes reaches the freezing point.

     The southernmost part has a Savannah climate and the remaining regions have arid-like climate. Average temperature of the plains is 88F (31C) and the highest day-time temperature is 110F (43.3C). In the winter, the average temperature is 70F (21C) and lowest temperature is 50F (18C).
     Population, inhabitant, languages and religion: Mandalay Division which is the second most populous State/ Division in Myanmar has 6,442,000 inhabitants. The average population density is 424 persons per square mile.
    Majority of the population is Bamar. There are also a small number of Shans, Danus, Lisus and Palaungs residing on the eastern plateau. Leway and Pyinmana have a few population of Plain Chins (Asho Chins). National races such as Kachin, Kayin and Chin are also living in the division. Majority of the people are Buddhists. There are also Hindus, Muslims and Christians. Myanmar language is mainly spoken.
     Formation of districts, townships and villages: Mandalay Division is formed with seven districts, 30 townships and 2,320 wards and village-tracts. Mandalay with a population of over 650,000 is the capital city of the division.
     Forest: Mountain forests grow in regions of the eastern plateau with elevations more than 3,000 feet. Tropical forests grow in areas with less than 3,000 feet in height and along the Bago Yoma. Indaing forests can be found in Pyinmana Township. The remaining parts have only bush forests. Cactus-like plants grow in arid areas of Ayeyawady River bank. The division has 94 forest reserves (over 2.4 million acres) and 800,000 acres of preserved forests outside the reserve areas.
      Sown acreage and produce: Paddy cultivation areas and seasonal land are the majority of farms in Mandalay Division. There are over 500,000 acres of irrigated farm lands. The division annually put over one million acres under edible crops, nearly 900,000 acres under beans and pulses, over 300,000 acres under cotton and over 500,000 acres under paddy. facts15
      The main crops cultivated in the division are paddy, wheat, millet, corn, sesame, groundnut, sunflower, beans, cotton, sugarcane, tobacco, chilli and onion. Other crops are garlic, tea, coffee, vegetables, flowers, banana, mango, plum, grape, betel nut, toddy palm and betel leaf.
      Agriculture and farming is jointly conducted in areas with large acres of cultivated land. Cattle, sheep, goat, pig and chicken are raised in the Division.
      Other products: Teak and hard-wood are produced in the eastern plateau and Bago Yoma. Dry regions produce Thanakha, catechu and htanoung wood. Iron is mined at Kyadwinyay region near Pyin Oo Lwin and transported to Steel Plant at Anisakhan, Barite is mined in Dattawtaung in the east of Kyaukse. Alabaster is mined in Madaya Township, ruby and sapphire in Mogok Township, tungsten in Pyinmana Township, barite in Pyin Oo Lwin and Kyaukse townships, gold in Thabeikkyin Township and crude oil and gypsum in the western regions.
       Historical sites and interesting places: Maha Muni Buddha Image and Mandalay Hill are sacred places for Buddhists as well as ancient cultural heritage. Many pagodas, which are also the ancient cultural heritage, can be seen in Bagan-NyaungU Tagaung old city in Thabeikkyin Township, Myinsaing old town near Kyaukse, Mongmaw old town near Kume, Innwa, Pinya and Amarapura old towns in TadaU Township and Mandalay Palace are famous historical sites. Mandalay has many ancient pagodas and monasteries. Popa Mountain with temperate climate in Kyaukpadaung Township and Pyin Oo Lwin which is a hill station are also popular resorts. The National Kandawgyi Park, Pwekauk Falls, Peikchin Myaung Cave, Anisakhan Falls and Maha Arnthtoo Kantha Pagoda are interesting places.
     Traditional festivals: Festivals such as Taungpyone Festival, Yadanagu Festival and Kyaukse Elephant Dance Festival are famous in the Division.
      Radio and TV retransmission stations and microwave stations: Four TV retransmission stations in Pyin Oo Lwin Mogok and Popa are transmitting to eight townships in the division. Fourteen microwave stations are located in Mandalay, Singaing, Myittha, Wundwin, Meiktila, Thazi, Yamethin, Tatkon and Pyinmana
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