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BORDER AREAS AND NATIONAL RACE
Background government10
     The national races of Myanmar have redesign unitedly in the Union of Myanmar since ancient times with a lung history and culture of its own. The national races seems to he living apart due to the geographical conditions of the country. but in realitv, they have been residing together in all the regions of the country. I Therefore national solidarity is the utmost important political force of the country The government putting in the fore the Three Main National Causes. have started the measures for the development of border areas and national race since 1987.
Establishment of the Central Committee
    To foster the development of border areas and national races, the Central Committee for the Development of Border Areas and National Races was established on 25 May 1998, with Senior General Than Shove as Chairman of the Committee consisting five members. It was restructured with ten members on 11 January 1998.
Establishment of the Work Committee
    To carry out and implement the policy guidelines of the Central Committee the Work Committee for the Development of Border Areas and National Race, was established oil 31 May 1998 with Lt-Gen Khin Nyunt Secretary-1 of the State Peace and Development Council as Chairman of the Committee. It was restructured on 11 January 1998 with 49 members.
Development of Border Areas and National Races Law
    The Development of Border Areas and National Races Law was enacted on 13 August 1993.
Cooperation with International Agencies and Organizations
    The government formed the committee for cooperation with international organizations in border are development on 25 April 1991.
Master Plan for the Development of Border Areas and National Races government11
    In accordance with the Development of Border Areas and National Races Law and in order to foster the development measures, the Master Plan was formulated in line with the guidelines of the Chairman of the State.
    The eleven-year Master Plan consists of the first three-year short-term plan from 1993-94 to 1995-96, first medium-term four-year plan from 1996-97 to 1999-2000 and second medium-term four-year plan from 2000-2001 to 2003-2004.
National Reconsolidating
    The government, realizing that national solidarity and reconsolidation is utmost importance of the nation in times of peace and tranquillity, formulated National reconsolidation as the second point in four political objectives and welcome the armed groups to come into the legal fold.
    Realizing the true goodwill of government, 17 armed groups have returned to the legal fold to work hand in hand with the government for the development of their regions.
Regions where development measures are being implemented
government12
  • Kachin Special Region No. (1)
  • Kachin Special Region No. (2)
  • Kokang Region
  • Wa Region
  • Shan Region
  • Kachin North East Region
  • Palaung Region
  • Maw-pha Region
  • Pa-O Region.
  • Kayah Region
  • Eastern Shan Region
  • Mon Region
  • Kayin Region
  • Taninthayi Region
  • Rakhine Region
  • Chin Region
  • Kabaw Valley Region
  • Naga Region
Measures taken for the Development of Border Areas and National Races
    In order to foster the development of the border areas where national brethren are residing, the government has been implementing the projects with added momentum. Realizing the goodwill of the government, various armed groups have returned to the legal fold and have been working hand in hand with the government for the development of their respective region.
Region Primary
School
Middle
School
Higher
School
House
Keeping
Youth
Center
Kachin Special Region No. (1) 34 5 - - 2
Kachin Special Region No. (2) 2 - - - 1
Kokang Region 41 3 2 - 1
Shan Region 11 - 1 1 -
Kachin North East Region 9 2 - - -
Palaung Region 32 1 1 - -
Maw-pha Region 15 1 - - -
Pa-O Region 36 15 5 - -
Kayah Region 12 2 - 1 1
Rakhine Region 19 2 2 1 -
Chin/Naga Region 2 3 5 1 8
Kabaw Vally Region 5 1 1 - -
Kayin State 23 4 - 1 -
Taninthayi Region 9 - - 2 -
Mon Region 10 1 - 1 1
Wa Region 44 3 1 - 1
Total ... 366 48 19 10 16
Sr. Particulars Measures Taken
1 Earth Road [miles] 3432/1
2 Gravel Road [miles] 1550/3
3 Aspalt Road [miles] 315/5
4 Maintenance Works [miles] 6535/2
5 Bridges [big / small / suspension] 64/797/16
6 Schools [primary / middle / high] 366/48/19
7 Hospitals 46
8 Dispensaries/Rural Health 74/38
9 Diesel Generators/Region with Electric 242/178
10 Hydro Electric Power 8
11 Agriculture Office/Farm 31/113
12 Dam/Canal 40/4
13 Tractor Depots 11
14 Reserved Forest/Planned Reserved Forest 4/4
15 Saw Mill 12
16 Nursery Forest 7
17 Livestock Farm/Livestock Breeding Veterinary Offices 19/41
18 Cattle Breeding 73
19 Distribution of Donkeys 38
20 Post Offices 53
21 Radio Telephone 45
22 Telephone Exchange 54
23 Telephone Land Line [miles] 442
24 Carrier System 21
25 Telegraph Office 45
26 Domestic Satellite 11
27 Bulding [Communication Center] 9
28 TV Sub-station 85
29 Mineral Exploration and Mining
(a) Ruby [carat]
(b)Sapphire [Nos.]

249280.26
507.70
[Kyats in Million]
Sr
No
Particulars Border Areas
Fund
Ministry
Fund
Total
Expenditure
1 Branch Offices 1422.80 1422.80
2 Agricultures & Forests 360.11 561.41 921.52
3 Forests [from 1995-96 budges] 1.89 21.71 23.60
4 Livestock Breeding & Husbandry 43.37 354.94 398.41
5 Roads & Transport 3184.05 8352.52 11536.57
6 Communication 146.06 186.71 332.77
7 Social Welfare & Cooperatives 14.81 12.04 26.85
8 Trade 5.29 50.76 56.05
9 Housing 535.39 1.99 537.38
10 Energy 169.44 518.83 688.27
11 Health 223.76 31.54 255.30
12 Education 375.57 135.98 511.55
13 Public Relations 262.23 140.42 402.65
14 Mineral Exploration & Mining 103.96 103.96
15 Administration & Budgetary 233.71 233.71
16 Home Affairs 18.25 389.88 408.13
17 Religion Affairs 172.22 13.15 185.37
18 Comm.Dev.Project 25.58 25.58
19 Miscellaneous 97.78 97.78
20 Grant 3175.56 3175.56
Total ... 10774.26 11109.55 21883.81
Water Supply Project for Rural Areas
Subject Quantity
total townships 176
total village tracts 7701
total villages 36764
population of villages in 2000-2001 19172105
population of villages in 2000-2001 22906659
Water supply of villages in 14 States and Divisions are as follows:
those villages that find it difficult to obtain water 176
those villages that get water insufficiently 5221
those villages that get no pure drinking water 9170
those villages that get pure drinking water 20654
Total 35221
State/Division No. of townships No. of villages
Kayah State 4 all villages
Kayin State 2  142
Taninthayi Division 4  239
Bago Division [East] 8 all villages
Bago Division [West] 5 all villages
Mon State 2 184
Rakhine State 13  all villages
Yangon Division 1 all villages
Shan State [North] 3 all villages
Shan State [East] 7 all villages
Ayeyawady Division 9 all villages
State/Division Target Work done Percentage
Kachin State 125 172 137
Kayah State 15 15 100
Kayin State 45 49 109
Chin State 23 9 39
Saging Division 333 349 105
Taninthayi Division 53 52 98
Bago Division 168 211 126
Bago Division[West] 156 221 142
Magway Division 265 277 105
Mandalay Division 301 404 134
Mon State 98 16 17
Rakhine State 60 112 186
Yangon Division 142 196 183
Shan State[South] 24 56 223
Shan State[North] 5 4 80
Shan State[East] 40 42 105
Ayeyawady Division 311 425 136
Total 2164 2610 117
Border Area Development Works in Communication Sector [2001]
Auto Radio Telephone 9
Satellite Communications Stations 15
Telegraph Offices 45
Radio Telephones 45
Local Exchanges 54
Carrier Machines 21
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