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CO-OPERATIVES
     The Ministry of Co-operatives has been formed aiming at laying down policies for contributing towards national economic development through undertaking businesses by like-minded persons collectively and for flourishing socio-economic activities broadly through enlivening co-operative principles. Under the Ministry of Co-operatives, there are three departments namely the Co-operative Department, the Cottage Industries Department and the Co-operative Export and Import Enterprise.
    The following activities are included under the cooperative sector:
  • Agricultural production works
  • Production of Forestry
  • Products Production of mineral products
  • Industrial production
  • Electrical goods production
  • health care works
  • Tourism service
  • Trade Promotion
  • Banking and Monetary
     The agricultural producers co-operative societies are making energetic efforts in special region and townships. In the 30 townships designated as agricultural production special regions, altogether 21086 members of 1265 agricultural producers cooperatives cultivated crops in 198033 acres as of 2000 and produced 1750 million kyats worth of agricultural produce.
     Under the Agricultural Producers Co-operatives Development Programme, altogether 23 co-operatives of 22 townships in ten States and Divisions have targeted to cultivate crops in 4171 acres of virgin, fallow vacant and wetlands. business05
     The co-operatives are now producing various forest products such as bamboo, nipa palm, thatch, mangrone. cane, wicker, honey, bat guano, medicinal herbs, marsh date palm, cutch, nipa palm juice, cassia bark, cinnamon bark, etc.
     The Khitthit Myanmar mining co-operative society limited of Pyinmana Township, Mandalay Division, is producing tin-tungstemtre alloy and exported through No. 2 Mining Enterprise and earned 224489 US $ during the period from 1997-2000.
Hence, the model industrial producers co-operatives are formed and 52 co-operatives have been commissioned and they are now trying to fulfil the targets.
     The Ministry of Co-operatives is systematically extending the cooperative health care services all over the country. Altogether 336 clinics including 9 indigenous medicine ones have been opened in 229 townships and medical treatments are being provided to patients. The newly-built Mandalay GEC hospital is providing cooperative health care services effectively by using modern equipment. Likewise, the Aung Myanmar health care cooperative society in Pyay Township, Bago Division opened the Lokapala special clinic on 3-1-98 and has been providing medical treatment with modern equipment and machines among other places.
Hotel and Motel Business
     The cooperative sector is being extended in hotel and motel businesses in various regions where possible. Altogether 66 cooperatives are opening hotel/motel chains of the following four hotels and one motel in 51 townships. business07
  1. Ngamauk Ruby Motel (Aungmyay Thazan Township, Mandalay Division)
  2. Yadana Hotel (Bahan Township, Yangon Division)
  3. Thamada Hotel (Bahan Township, Yangon Division)
  4. Bagan Hotel (Nyaung U Township, Mandalay Division)
  5. Maw Shweli Motel (Lashio, Shan State)
Trade Fairs
    Under the guidance of the Ministry of Cooperatives, the following trade fairs and market festivals were held during the period from 15-11-97 to 31-3-2000.
  1. Mandalay Trade Fair [Mandalay, 24-1-98 to 28-1-98],
  2. 51 st Anniversary Union Day Exhibition and Funfair [Yangon, 7-2-98 to 13-2-98],
  3. Sixth Sports Festival [Haka, 17-3-98 to 6-4-98],
  4. Cooperative Goods Festival [Yangon, 2-11-98 to 15-11-98],
  5. Cooperative Industrial Products Exhibition and Sale Festival [Yangon, 20-11-99 to 26-11-99],
  6. Goods Festival [Mandalay, 24-1-98 to 28-1-98],
  7. Goods Festival [Mandalay, 25-3-98 to 27-3-98],
  8. Cooperative Industrial Products Exhibition and Sales Festival [Yangon, 20-11-99 to 28-11-99],
  9. Inlay Floating Market Festival [Nyaung-shwe, 30-12-99 to 3-1-2000].
Exhibitions Abroad
     Moreover, under the aegis of the Ministry of Cooperatives, the cooperatives took part in the following goods exhibitions and trade festivals abroad.
Sr. Exhibitions and Trade Festivals Country Date
1 International Jewelex Malaysia 21-11-97 to
24-11-97
2 Jewels of Asia JOA's Singapore 10-12-97 to
14-12-97
3 Myanmar Focus '98 Singapore 25-04-98 to
03-05-98
4 Kunming Export Commodities Fair '98 China 08-08-98 to
15-08-98
5 Kunming Export Commodities Fair '99 China 06-06-99 to
10-06-99
6 Myanmar Trade Focus '99 Thailand 11-08-99 to
14-08-99
7 8th Asia Pacific International
Trade Fair'99
Republic of Korea 13-10-99 to
17-10-99
8 South Africa International Trade
Exhibition
Republic of Africa 19-10-99 to
23-10-99
Banking and Monetary
     These hotels and motels earned 0.35 million US$ and 0.5 million FECs during the period from 15-11-97 to 31-3-2000 in tourism industry of the cooperative sector. business08
    In conformity with the market economy, the monetary services were provided by cooperatives with the opening of the following three banks.
  1. Cooperative Bank Ltd.
  2. Cooperative Promotion Bank Ltd
  3. Cooperative Farmers Bank Ltd
     The credit cooperative societies are also undertaking monetary services. As of 31-3-2000, altogether 2098 credit cooperative societies have been formed with the total strength of over 4.5 million members. These credit cooperatives are doing business with shares and savings amounting to 4578.2 million kyats.
Sectoral Achievements
      The cooperatives export pulses & beans, woodwork and handicrafts, metal wares, fish and prawns, wicker-work, garments and other items to Malaysia, India, Japan, Hongkong and Korea.
      Under the 1992 Cooperative Societies Law, the old cooperatives are reformed and new members are recruited with the consent of members. As of 31-3-2000, there are altogether 18148 cooperative societies. To be exact, there are 5 cooperative cartels, 525 cooperative syndicates and 17618 cooperative societies.
     In view of developing human resources, the co-operative sector has established Co-operative Degree College, Co-operative College, four Co-operative Regional Colleges, four State/Division Co-operative Training Schools and three Commercial Training Schools. In addition, the Myanmar lacquerware and Weaving Training Schools are open to ensure technological development and enable the new generation youths to learn vocational sciences. There are State/Division cooperative training schools
and commerce training centres conducting normal courses.
Co-operative sectors
  • Cultivation of crops
10994 acres
  • Oil crops
1.27 million areas
  • Various kinds of crops worth
12270.2 million areas
  • Worth of import substitute
714.7 million kyat
  • Industrial producer's co-operative societies
1280
    In the year 2000-2001, the co-operative sector has achieved 11.2 per cent growth rate exceeding the set target of 8.1 percent.
      During the current five year plan period from 2001-2002 to 2005-2006, the value of production and services is targeted to achieve annual growth rate of 8.4 per cent in order to contribute towards the national economic development.
1 Central Co-orperative Degree College 387
2 Yangon Co-orperative Degree College 730
3 Mandalay Co-orperative Degree College 460
4 Saging Co-orperative Degree College 409
Total ... 1986
 
 
 
 
 
 
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